Maltese Dog Breed Profile

The Maltese dog breed is a small breed of dog that appeared in the central Mediterranean. The breed name and origin come from the Mediterranean island of Malta; sometimes refers to the island of Melita.

maltese dog breed profile

Maltese Breed Summary

  • Group: Toy group
  • Country of Origin: Malta
  • Weight: under 7 pounds
  • Height: 7- 9 inches
  • Amount of shedding: Low
  • Grooming: Requires daily grooming
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years 
maltese dog breed profile

About the Maltese

Maltese are affectionate toy dogs with a compact body covered by long, straight, and silky fur. This dog breed is a sturdy and easygoing pet.

Physical characteristics

Maltese weighs between 6-7 pounds (3 -4 kilos) and has a compact body.
Their long and silky coat is pure white or ivory, in which some minor and very light spots of yellow or clear brown are allowed.
The Maltese hair is fine, smooth, and silky. This breed doesn’t have an inner mantle.
The head is medium-sized with a small forehead and a round skull.
The nose is black, and his large, oval, dark eyes are attentive.
The ears are long, drooping, and hairy, with a low set hanging very close to the head.
They have short, straight legs, and his tail is elegant with abundant hair.

Maltese Dog Breed Temperament

The Maltese are a social and educated dog.
This breed is an energetic, intelligent, affectionate, and friendly dog with an eternal air of small puppies.
Just like the Chihuahua or the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese are protective dogs.
These little dogs adapt well to homes where there are older children and teenagers.

Although they adapt well to living in apartments due to their small size and domestic character, they love to walk outdoors. Being a delicate breed, especially when they are puppies, they require extra care.


The Maltese need high-quality dog ​​food either commercially manufactured or prepared at home.
Some dogs are prone to being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie intake and weight level.
Giving too many treats can cause obesity, but a small number of treats can help when you train your dog.
Consult with your veterinarian if you have any questions about your dog’s weight or diet.

Clean water must be available at all times.

Grooming and Care

The long, silky coat of the Maltese requires gentle daily brushing and combing to avoid mats and tangles.
Maltese needs regular baths to keep his hair healthy and shining.
Check the dog ears weekly and remove the excess hair, wax or, debris.
Brush your dog’s teeth frequently because they are prone to dental disease.
If the dog has excessive tear stains around the eyes, visit your vet to determine a possible cause.

Maltese Dog Breed Health

The Maltese are generally robust and healthy dogs. However, they often have problems with the knees and patella.

The Maltese can suffer from eye irritation which, can cause conjunctivitis. Eye discharge often causes a reddish color to the skin around the eye area.

Exercises Requirement

The Maltese only requires occasional exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks with their owner in their fenced yard, or even indoors, will generally be enough to keep them in shape.

Curious Facts about the Maltese Dog

  • Greeks built tombs for their Maltese.
  • Egyptians worshipped the Maltese.
  • Another moniker for Maltese is Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta.
  • According to a legend, Saint Paul wrecked on Malta and cured the Roman governors’ father. To express his gratitude, the governor gave Saint Paul a Maltese dog. 

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Image credit: Pixabay. Unsplash Pexels



AKC (American kennel Club)

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