Maltese Dog Breed Profile

The Maltese dog breed refers to an ancient variety of dwarf canine generally associated with the island of Malta and a modern toy dog breed group.
The modern variety is genetically related to the Bichon, Bolognese, and Havanese breeds.

maltese dog breed profile

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  • Country of Origin: Malta
  • Weight: under 7 pounds
  • Height: 7 to 9 inches
  • Group: toy group
  • Lifespan: 12 to 15 years
  • Coat: straight, and silky
  • Colors: white, white and lemon, white and tan
  • Patterns: black points
  • Tendency to shed: low
  • Grooming needs: requires daily grooming
  • Attention needs: medium
maltese dog breed profile


Maltese coat is dense, lustrous, silky, and shiny, without curls or undercoats, and falls heavily along the body. The color is pure white; however, a pale ivory tint is allowed.

The weight of the adult dog is usually 7 to 9 pounds (3 to 4 kg), and the height is between 8 and 9 inches (20 and 23 cm).

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The Maltese does not shed, but like other white dogs, it can show tear stains on its face.


Malta, a small island south of Sicily, is probably the Maltese dog breed origin.

Many famous authors and scholars have written about Maltese beauty, delicacy, and irresistible charm.

The Greeks erected tombs for their Maltese.

Maltese dogs have been particularly popular with women who wore them on their chests or sleeves.

The first Maltese exhibited in the United States was white and listed as a Maltese Lion Dog at the first Westminster Dog Show in 1877.

American Kennel Club registered the Maltese in 1888.



The Maltese are affectionate and adaptable toy dogs.
Sometimes, Maltese are stubborn but respond well to reward-based training.
This breed is an energetic, intelligent, affectionate, and friendly dog with an eternal air of small puppies.
Just like the Chihuahua or the Yorkshire terrier, Maltese are protective dogs.
These little dogs adapt well to homes with older children and teenagers.
They do not require much exercise; a daily walk is enough to cover their needs.
Proper socialization will prevent them from being nervous or restless with other dogs or pets.
Although they adapt well to living in apartments, they love to walk outdoors.


The Maltese are generally robust and healthy dogs but can suffer from knees and patella issues.

The Maltese can suffer from eye irritation that can cause conjunctivitis.
Eye discharge often causes a reddish color to the skin around the eye area.


The long, silky coat of the Maltese requires gentle daily brushing and combing to avoid mats and tangles.

  • Maltese needs regular baths to keep his hair healthy and shining.
  • Check the dog ears weekly and remove the excess hair, wax, and debris.
  • Brush your dog’s teeth frequently because they are prone to dental disease.
  • If the dog has excessive tear stains around the eyes, visit your vet to determine a possible cause.


  • The Maltese need high-quality dog ​​food.
  • Some dogs are prone to being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie intake and weight level.
  • Giving too many treats can cause obesity, but some treats can help when you train your dog.
  • Consult your veterinarian if you have questions about your dog’s weight or diet.
  • Clean water must be available at all times.


The Maltese only require occasional exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks with their owner in their fenced yard or indoors will generally be enough to keep them in shape.


  • Greeks built tombs for their Maltese.
  • Egyptians worshipped the Maltese.
  • Another moniker for Maltese is Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta.According to a legend, Saint Paul wrecked on Malta and cured the Roman governors’ father. To express his gratitude, the governor gave Saint Paul a Maltese dog. 
Image credit: Pixabay. Unsplash Pexels



AKC (American kennel Club)

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