Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Profile

The Jack Russell Terrier is a canine breed originating in the United Kingdom. The Russell is an alert, tenacious and independent working terrier. Let’s take a look at some Jack Russell dog breed profile. 

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jack russell dog breed profile

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Profile Summary

Type: Terrier

Size: Small

Country of Origin: England

Weight: 9 to 15 pounds 

Height: 10 to 12 inches 

Coat: There are two types of coats: Smooth-Short, and Broken-medium

Color: White with tan and black markings

The tendency to bark: High

Lifespan: 12-13 years 

jack russell dog breed profile

About Jack Russell Terrier

This breed is compact than tall, agile, and despite his size, has a lot of strength and endurance. He is an excellent companion dog for active people.

There is a variant called the Parson Russell terrier that is larger.


Jack Russell is a lively, alert, and active terrier with a sharp and intelligent expression. He is fearless and courageous, friendly, and confident. 

They need constant, consistent, and patient training that allows them to stimulate their keen intelligence. This breed is not suitable for sedentary people, first-time owners, or families with very young children.

You can train your dog for a large number of activities if you use their natural tendency to jump, trail, chase prey, and deep digging. They are excellent hunters of rodents and vermin such as rabbits, ducks, and other types of small animals.


The Russells, like other small breeds, maybe benefit from a small breed dog food. They also need a healthy weight formula to help them with weight management.

Grooming and Care

This breed has an easy-to-care waterproof coat. The smooth-coated Russells need only a weekly soft brush. Russells with rough or broken coats requires weekly brushing and combing.  


In general, the Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy, cheerful, and exuberant dog.

This breed has a predisposition to suffer from patellar luxation (loose kneecap), deafness, and eye disease.

The average lifespan is approximately 10 to13 years.

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